The common name for a birth control pill or an oral contraceptive pill is “the pill”. It is a type of hormonal contraception that is used by millions of women all across the world. In the United States itself, about twelve million women use them every year so that they do not become pregnant.

A birth control pill is quite an effective method for controlling birth if it is consumed in a correct manner i.e. daily at the same time. Only 0.1 percent women go through an unwanted pregnancy even after taking a birth control pill.  But the rate of pregnancy dramatically increases in all those women who forget to take a birth control pill. In fact, the pregnancy rate increases by 30 to 80 times.  Certain oral contraceptive pills are used as a treatment methodology for preventing endometrial and ovarian cancers. However it should be noted that such pills cannot stop occurrence of sexually transmitted diseases. But these benefits do not mean that taking birth control pills do not have dangers and side-effects associated with them. Prolonged use of a pill can lead to problems like heart attack too in young women.

Here are some of the other major side-effects or danger associated with a birth control pill:

Tenderness in the Breast

The Dangers of Birth Control Pills Prolonged use of a birth control pill may lead to tenderness or enlargement of breasts. Typically, this is a side effect that starts disappearing after you take the pill for the initial few weeks. However, if you find that there is a lump in your breast that is persistently painful or feels tender or there is severe pain in your breast, you should immediately consult a physician as soon as possible.

Irregular Periods

Often, despite using a birth control pill properly, you may miss or skip a period. There may be various factors responsible for this kind of a condition. Some of them include thyroid or hormonal abnormalities, travel, illness or stress. If you are on a pill and find that you have missed a period or it is a light one, it is recommended that you undergo a pregnancy test before taking the next set of birth control pills. In case you find that you have again missed your period, you should immediately visit your gynecologist for medical advice.

Weight Gain

Various studies and researches have claimed that that there is no regular correlation between fluctuations in body weight and birth control pills. But, it is also true that there are many women who are on pills say that they have been experiencing retention of fluids in their hip and breast areas. Birth control pills may contain estrogen that affects the fat cells of a woman’s body.  The hormone may lead to cells becoming enormous in size rather than growing in terms of numbers.


There are a few women who mat feel mild bouts of nausea when they initially start using the pill. However, these symptoms should ideally come down after a brief period. If you can take a birth control pill at bedtime or with food, it can bring down the possibility of nausea. If you are one of those women who experience severe or persistent nausea, you should immediately consult your gynecologist.



A woman’s sex hormone may have an impact on developing migraine and headaches.  Since the birth control pills are of different doses and kinds, there may be different symptoms of headaches. A few studies have earlier indicated that if a pill constitutes of low hormonal doses, the severity of the headaches may come down. For many women, symptoms related to headaches may improve once they have been taking pills for a longer period of time. But if these headaches do not decrease even after some time, one has to visit a clinic and take proper guidance.

Frequent Changes in Mood

If a woman has a family or personal history of depression, it is better to discuss the problem with her doctor before start taking a birth control pill. If a woman has a history of depression, she may experience certain emotional changes or depression she is one pills. So, if you experience sudden mood swings while using pills, it is better to contact your medical provider. Though various studies are going on, it is yet to be confirmed whether there is any direct correlation between mood changes, cortical thinning in specific parts of a woman’s brain and use of birth control pills.

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